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Donor Blood Collection

You are here : Home/ Blood Bank Zone/ Blood Bank Management/ 7. Donor Blood Collection

7. Donor Blood Collection

Blood collection is the most important function of transfusion service and its organization must be given proper attention.

Donor blood collection may be carried out in hospital-based blood transfusion centre or outdoor mobile blood collection camps. Efforts should be made to make the experience of blood donation as pleasant as possible for the blood donor. A pleasant atmosphere for blood donation will encourage donors to relax and help in eliminating their anxieties.

Personnel involved in donor blood collection should be polite, courteous and friendly, as well as efficient and professional.

Donor registration comprising of information about each donor that makes tracing and calling them back possible should be obtained and recorded at the time of donation.

A stringent and critical donor selection criteria should be used for proper donor screening. The criteria include a brief medical history, physical examination and preliminary laboratory testing (haemoglobin/haematocrit), based on which donors are selected or deferred. ABO grouping of the donor before blood donation is optional but it must be followed by a repeat ABO grouping by a standard grouping procedure after the blood donation.

Blood Collection should be preferrably done in closed plastic collection bag system and as far as possible use of glass bottle should be avoided due to the risk of breakage and infection. As the glass bottles are an open-system for blood collection, these are more prone to bacterial contamination. The blood collection bag should be inspected for any possible defects, i.e. leaks, breaks, change of colour of anticoagulant, etc. It should be placed on a weighing balance to collect accurate volume of blood.

A correct venepuncture method should be followed for blood collection. Adequate donor care should be given during and after blood donation. Donor must be thanked for his contribution and encouraged to donate again.

Donor identification and labelling of donor unit are very important at the time of venepuncture.

Adverse donor reactions should be attended to immediately by the medical and nursing team. Instructions for handling adverse donor reactions whether mild or severe must be available to the concerned staff members. A donor with adverse reactions should be isolated from the prospective donors to avoid apprehension and anxiety.

A complete donor record, donor deferral record, donor adverse reaction record and any abnormality detected on subsequent laboratory testing must be recorded.



Blood bank zone Next Articles
  1. Introduction and Functions
  2. Need For Blood Bank
  3. Blood Bank Premises Design
  4. Space Requirement for Blood Transfusion Service
  5. Basic Equipments and Reagents
  6. Donor Recruitment and Motivations
  7. Donor Blood Collection
  8. Laboratory Techniques
  9. Documentation and Record Maintenance
  10. Continuing Education in Blood Transfusion
  11. Guidelines for clinical use of blood
  12. Consummables and equipment for bloodbank
You are here : Home/ Blood Bank Zone/ Blood Bank Management/ 7. Donor Blood Collection


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